I want to highlight two important things among which we have in common
vertebrates, first, we all vertebrate, and the second one, is that all vertebrates
come from the same animal originating in the Picaya. It is a specie of the
family of worms that existed five hundred million years ago. It looked
similar to a snake and which was the prototype of the backbone from which
the rest of vertebrates, including ourselves.
The spine has four important functions: – First, it keeps the trunk upright. The different planes of movement in
which the yoga postures are executed, such as flexion, extension,
lateral inclinations, etc … give the column the capacity to prolong this
function over time. The lack of toning in your muscular, tendinous
and ligamentous structures would produce the collapse of the
vertebrae like a house of cards. – Second, It acts as an anchor point for internal organs and muscles,
such as the intestine or the diaphragm. These internal muscles can and
should be strengthened, as we progress in practice we will acquire the
ability to tense certain internal muscles in addition to relaxing their
antagonist (or opposing muscles), whose sensation I can assure that it
is very pleasurable and induces relaxation. – Third, It articulates trunk movements. Regular practice will make
these movements more flexible, producing lubrication and facilitating
the hydration of all the joint elements, including discs. A very
important fact is that the spine should be worked in conjunction with
the pelvis, the unlocking and strengthening of the latter would expand
the degree of trunk displacement when the spine works in synergy
with the pelvis. I will emphasize the pelvis in a next article because of
its importance at a functional and energetic level – Fourth, it protects the spinal cord, is a conduit with the appearance of
a white and elongated cord located in the vertebral canal, among
whose functions is to send nerve impulses to the muscles for
movement, transmit sensitive information, regulate trophism or
nutrition of the muscles, regulates reflex functions of the cardiac
muscle and smooth muscles (transport of food through the digestive
tract, blood pressure, etc.), and regulates the reflex functions,
ALMOST NOTHING. This is why it is so important to strengthen the
muscles, tendons and ligaments that make up the spine, which will make it a frame and shield to protect these important structures for
their vital function and which are the means through which it connects
our body with the brain.
The erect position exerts important pressure forces that transmit the different
structures such as abdominal viscera, lungs, heart. the diaphragm, the head,
the arms or the rib cage and that end up affecting the vertebral and disc
structures. These forces of pressure coupled with poor postural hygiene and
incorrect use of the trunk are the cause in most cases of discomfort of the
back, its misuse can lead over time to herniated discs, sciatica, lumbalgias
The development of the ability to sanitize posture and movement, another of
the yogi’s skills, minimizes possible aggressions to these structures,
protecting them from possible injuries. Yoga postures will compensate for
the negative effect of gravity and the main sedentary lifestyle that is
responsible for the accentuation of curvatures, loss of mobility, elasticity, etc
In the example of the cervical and lumbar curvatures of the spine whose
functions are to absorb the impact forces to which they are subjected when
we walk, we run or jump and maintain balance when we stand, acting as
spring or spring. However, if we give in to the deterioration, the excess of
curvature that occurs with the passage of time if we do not prevent it, has a
very damaging impact, that in spite of it can be corrected through the regular
and rigorous practice of yoga, I will also take advantage to say, that the
execution of asymmetric postures also have a corrective effect on deviations
from the spine (scoliosis).
It is not surprising that the column, due to its similarity to the bone structure
of certain reptiles such as the snake, has a sacred reputation in certain
cultures or previous civilizations, as I have previously said, the column is an
important element to consider if we want to improve our health, a vital
structure that has a fundamental role in many of the functions of our body,
so we must give the prominence and importance it deserves making it a
sacred temple, a special area that we must treat, care for and strengthen
because of it depends on our structural support as the axis and pillar of our


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